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Hemet San Jacinto Lodge Fostering our Masonic values in our community

Famous Masons A to Z

Throughout history some of the most influential men have been members of Freemasonry. Browse the list below to read more about these famous Masons. Use the alphabetical guide to skip to a particular letter.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

[A]

  • Aasen, John - Norwegian 'giant' (said to be 8' 9" tall) who was a movie actor in the US. When he joined Freemasonry over 1,500 attended. An effort to raise a statue of this Mason is underway in Norway now.
  • Abbott, Sir John J.C. - Canadian politician who served as Prime Minister (1891-1892).
  • Abbott, William "Bud" - Famous half of the Abbott & Costello comedy team.
  • Acuff, Roy - "King of Country Music"
  • Adams, Sherman - Governor of New Hampshire and US Congressman
  • Aguinaldo, Emilio - President of the Philippines, he declared their independence in 1898.
  • Al-Qadir, A Abd - Sufi mystic and oriental philosopher.
  • Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth - U. S. Senator, known for his extensive impact on banking reform. He also served as Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island.
  • Aldrin, Edwin E. - Known as "Buzz" - American astronaut who as a crew member of Apollo 11 became the second human being to walk on the moon (July 20, 1969).
  • Aleman, Miguel - President of Mexico
  • Alfond, Harold - Owned famous 'Dexter Shoe Company' and noted philanthropist. Sports complexes throughout Maine made possible by his generous contributions bear his name.
  • Allen, Charles H. - First Governor of Puerto Rico (1800-1802) when it was freed of its 400 year despotic rule by Spain.
  • Allen, Ira - Known as the 'Father of Vermont', he played a significant role in the acceptance of Vermont as a State and then gave land to help found the University of Vermont.
  • Allende, Salvador - Socialist president of Chile (1970-1973).
  • Alexander, Grover C. - Sportsman
  • Allen, Rex - Actor
  • Althouse, Monroe - Director, Ringgold Band of Pennsylvania
  • Ames, Ezra - Portrait painter who painted portraits of Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Martin Van Buren, George Clinton, DeWitt Clinton.
  • Anderson, Brad - Cartoonist and creator of the popular 'Marmaduke' comic strip
  • Anderson, Robert - Major General U.S. Army who was in command of Fort Sumter at time of Confederate attack. Known as "Hero Of Fort Sumter."
  • André, Major John - British soldier who attempted to assist Benedict Arnold in his treasonous betrayal of West Point. He was sentenced to death and hanged in 1780.
  • Annanc, Louis - Chief of the Saint Francis Tribe of Indians. (D: 1876 after having been a Mason for over 40 years.)
  • Antheil, George - Eccentric composer of the 1920s. His trademark work was the 1924 work "Le Ballet Mecanique", which incorporated sounds from machines like airplane propellers and car horns.
  • Appleton, Sir Edward Victor - English Physicist. Nobel Prize 1947.
  • Archer, Dennis - Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
  • Arlen, Richard - Movie actor, best known for his role as a pilot in "Wings".
  • Armstrong, Louis - Jazz musician
  • Armstrong, Neil - Astronaut
  • Arnold, Eddie - Country Music legend and member of the Grand Ole Opry
  • Arnold, General Henry "Hap" - Medal of Honor recipient and American general whose efforts helped establish what is now the U.S. Air Force. Commander, Army Air Force in World War II.
  • Arthur William Patrick Albert / Prince Arthur - Third son of Queen Victoria and the longest serving Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England
  • Asher, Max - US movie actor - Keystone Kop.
  • Astor, John Jacob - A German immigrant to the US, he at one point was considered the wealthiest man in America. He was Master of Holland Lodge in New York and served as Grand Treasurer for that Grand Lodge.
  • Ataturk, Mustafa Kemal - National hero and founder of the modern Republic of Turkey.
  • Atchison, David - US Senator, probably now best remembered for the Urban Myth that he was President for one day - as stated on his tombstone.
  • Audubon, John James - American ornithologist and artist known for his imposing works in full color of Birds of America. He referred to himself as a "Mason" and "Brother" in his diary but no proof has been found of his membership.
  • Auker, Elden - US baseball 'submarine' pitcher
  • Austin, Stephen F. - American colonizer and political leader who worked to make Texas a state of Mexico but later helped Texas settlers gain their independence (1836). Known as the 'Father of Texas'.
  • Autry, Gene - American actor who made some 90 movies from the 1930s through the 1950s, cowboy singer ("Back in the Saddle Again" and more), and professional sports team owner (original owner of the California Angels baseball team). Many young people today have grown up listening to his rendition of "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer". Brother Gene was a "true gentleman".

[B]

  • Bach, Johann Christian - Musical Composer
  • Bagley, Edward E. - Composer of 'National Emblem' march.
  • Bahamonde, Ramon Franco - An aviator and Spanish politician, he was the brother of dictator, General Francisco Franco. He was Commander of Aviation and received the Aerial Medal for his valiant action in the Morocco conflict. He was one of the Masons who refused the initiation of General Franco into Freemasonry.
  • Bahr, Hermann - Austrian writer, essayist and critic, he was an intellectual interpreter of his time.
  • Bakunin, Mikhail - Revolutionist
  • Baldry, Tony - Current (1999) UK Member, House of Commons
  • Baldwin, Henry - American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1830-1844).
  • Balfour, Lloyd - Jewelry Manufacturer. Millions of students have for generations chosen class rings from Balfour Jewelry
  • Baker, James C. - Methodist Bishop
  • Ballou, Hosea - Universalist Church Founder
  • Bandholtz, Henry H. - U.S. General
  • Banks, Sir Joseph - Noted naturalist who accompanied Capt. Cook on his journeys around the world.
  • Barnard, Lawrence "Slim" - Creator and host of TV's 'The Happy Wanderer' travelogue show of the 1960s
  • Barnes, Roy - 80th/Present (1999) Governor of Georgia
  • Barnes, W. W. - Professor of church history at Southwestern Seminary 1913-1953.
  • Bartholdi, Frederic A. - French sculptor best known for his figure of Liberty Enlightening the World, the Statue of Liberty, in New York Harbor
  • Barton, Edmund - First Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia, Speaker of the legislative assembly, New South Wales, Australia, Attorney General, and judge of the Australian high court
  • Basie, William "Count" - Orchestra leader/composer
  • Bass, Edward - First Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts
  • Bates, Frederick - Governor of Missouri
  • Bayh, Birch - US Democratic Senator from Indiana from 1962-1981.
  • Baylor, Robert E. B. - Founder of Baylor University, Texas' first Baptist college
  • Beard, Daniel Carter - American writer and illustrator. In 1905, he founded the Sons of Daniel Boone which in 1910 became the first Boy Scout organization in the US.
  • Beery, Wallace - Actor
  • Beightler, Hobert - U.S. General
  • Bell, Lawrence - Bell Aircraft Corp.
  • Bellamy, Francis J. - The Baptist Minister who created America's Pledge of Allegiance
  • Bellamy, Ralph - U.S. Patriot
  • Benes, Eduard - President of Czechoslovakia elected in 1935, he led his nation's government into exile after the outbreak of World War II. He resigned in 1948 when he was forced to yield to a Communist directed cabinet.
  • Bennett, Viscount R.B. - 12th Prime Minister of Canada 1930-35
  • Benton, Thomas Hart - U. S. Senator from Missouri for 30 years and Grand Master of Iowa
  • Bentsen, Lloyd M. - A life member of his Masonic Lodge in Texas, Bro. Bentsen served the U. S. with honor and distinction as a bomber pilot in WWII, a US Congressman, Senator and Secretary of the Treasury. His run for the presidency in 1976 allowed the country to meet this kind and considerate man. He was the Vice Presidential candidate with Michael Dukakis in the 1988 campaign where, during the debate with his opponent he used the now-famous phrase "I knew John Kennedy....". He was honored by his country when he received the Medal of Freedom. His daughter Tina was a member of Rainbow and is now an Eastern Star. Her daughter is a Rainbow Grand Representative so the Masonic connection runs deep. Bro. Bentsen passed to his eternal rest in May, 2006.
  • Berlin, Irving - Entertainer and songwriter who wrote more than 1,500 songs including "Alexander's Ragtime Band" (1911) and several musical comedies like Annie Get Your Gun (1946)
  • Berthold, Bartholomew - Businessman who organized the first territorial bank in the Louisiana Territory
  • Betances, Ramón Emeterio - Considered the Father of the Puerto Rican Nation.
  • Bingham, Hiram - Explorer (Machu Picchu)
  • Bischof, Francis - Queensland Police Commissioner from 1958-1969.
  • Bjornsson, Sveinn - First President of Iceland
  • Black, Hugo L. - U. S. Senator and Supreme Court Justice
  • Blackstone, Harry - Magician
  • Blair, Jr., John - U. S. Supreme Court Justice and member of the Constitutional Convention.
  • Blanc, Mel - If you've heard cartoon characters Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd, Barney Rubble of the Flintstones, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester the cat or others, you've heard the voice this 50+ year Mason who brought so much pleasure to so many children for so many years.
  • Blatchford, Samuel - U.. S. Supreme Court Justice
  • Boaz, Hiram Abiff - Bishop of the Methodist Church, one of the first presidents of Texas Wesleyan University and a member of two Texas lodges.
  • Bolívar, Simón - variously, a president of Venezuela, Colombia, Greater Colombia, Bolivia, & Peru.
  • Bonaparte, Jerome - King of Westphalia
  • Bonaparte, Joseph - King of Naples and Spain
  • Bonaparte, Louis - King of Holland
  • Bonaparte, Lucien - King of Canino
  • Bonaparte, Napoleon - Emperor of France
  • Bond, Shadrach - First Grand Master of Freemasons and first Governor of Illinois
  • Boone, Daniel - Mythologized early U. S. pioneer responsible for the exploration of Kentucky. Although his Masonic membership is unprovable, here is what Nathan Boone had to say about his father's funeral: "Father's body was conveyed to Flanders Callaway's home at Charette, and there the funeral took place. There were no military or Masonic honors, the latter of which he was a member, as there were then but very few in that region of the country." (Hammon, Neal O. (ed.) "My Father, Daniel Boone- The Draper Interviews with Nathan Boone." Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1999. p. 139.)
  • Borden, Sir Robert Laird - Prime Minister of Canada during World War I
  • Borglum, Gutzon & Lincoln - Father and Son who carved the presidential busts on Mt. Rushmore
  • Borgnine, Ernest - Film and television actor. In 1955 received the Oscar as Best Actor for the film Marty. Known to a generation of television fans for his role as the Skipper in McHale's Navy. He actively serves Freemasonry and is presently the Honorary Chairman of a program to support the Scottish Rite Childhood Language Center in Richmond.
  • Bortnyansky, Dimitry Stepanovich - Genius Russian composer, author of many religious musical works and the song "How Glorious is Our Lord in Zion" which served for a considerable time as the national anthem of the Russian empire.
  • Bowell, Sir Mackenzie - British-born Canadian Prime Minister 1894-96 who later led the Conservative opposition.
  • Bowie, James - American-born Mexican colonist who joined the Texan forces during the struggle for independence from Mexico. He died during the defense of the Alamo.
  • Bradley, Omar N. - American general. Played a major part in the Allied victory in World War II.
  • Bradley, Preston - People's Church Founder
  • Bradman, Sir Donald - Australian Cricketer.
  • Brant, Joseph - Chief of the Mohawks 1742 - 1807. Supported the British in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution.
  • Brearley, David - Signer of the US Constition for the State of New Jersey, and was also the first Grand Master of Masons for the State of New Jersey.
  • Breckinridge, John C. - American Vice President, he ran as the pro-slavery candidate and lost to Abraham Lincoln. His bust is in the Senate wing of the US Capitol.
  • Brent, George - Actor
  • Brown, Major General Charles E. Jr. - Served as US Army Chief of Chaplains.
  • Brown, Foster V. - US Congressman from Tennessee, he served as Attorney General for Puerto Rico
  • Brown, Joe E. - Immensely popular actor with the BIG mouth!
  • Brown, Mordecai P.C. - Sportsman
  • Bruce, James of Kinnaird - Scottish explorer who made an epic voyage to Abyssinia in the 18th century. Not as widely known, however, is that he was a considerable scholar who brought back from Abyssinia three copies of the Book of Enoch, the apocryphal book which relates to the Royal Arch Degrees, certain of the Scottish Rite Degrees and to the Royal Order of Scotland. The book did not make it into the Biblical canon primarily because no complete copy existed in Europe prior to Kinnaird's journey. The copies he brought back were in the Abyssinian language which he learned before going there although no one knows how!
  • Brundage, Avery - Sportsman
  • Bryan, William Jennings - US Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson.
  • Buchanan, Edgar - Dentist and actor in the US television series "Petticoat Junction"
  • Buchanan, James - 15th President of the U.S. (1857-1861).
  • Bullock, Bob - Texas Lt. Governor.
  • Burbank, Luther - Horticulturist and Naturalist, the practical result of his experiments was the 'Burbank potato'.
  • Burke, Arleigh - Highly decorated US Navy Admiral whose leadership helped win the battle in the Pacific during World War II. He was known as "31 knot Burke".
  • Burnaby, Robert - Explorer and businesman.
  • Burnett, David G. - 1st President of the Republic of Texas
  • Burrows, Lansing - President of the Southern Baptist Convention (1914-1916), secretary of the SBC from 1881-1913, and pastor of 8 Southern Baptist churches.
  • Burns, Bob - Entertainer
  • Burns, Conrad - US Senator from Montana
  • Burns, Robert - The National Poet of Scotland. His lyrics, written in dialect and infused with humor, celebrate love, patriotism, and rustic life. Freemasonry was more important to him than any other institution in Scotland!
  • Burton, Harold H. - Supreme Court Justice (1945-1958)
  • Burton, Ron - Professional football player with the Boston Patriots, Past Master of his lodge, and involved in the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
  • Bush, Vannevar - Pioneer in development of atomic and nuclear energy; he is considered by many to be the 'godfather of the internet'. A Vice President and Dean of Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); frequent speaker at Massachusetts Masonic Lodges of Instruction.
  • Butterfield, Daniel - Major General in the Civil War Union Army; holder of the Congressional Medal of Honor but known especially for his writing of America's best known bugle call, "Taps"
  • Byrd, Admiral Richard E. - American naval officer and explorer. He was the first to fly over the North Pole (with Floyd Bennet in 1926).
  • Byrd, Robert C. - The "Dean" of the US Senate.

Byrnes, James F. - Supreme Court Justice and Secretary of State. He tried unsuccessfully to ease post-WW2 tensions between the US and the USSR.

[C]

  • Calvo, Father Francisco - Catholic Priest who started Freemasonry in Costa Rica 1865
  • Cameron, Rod - Actor
  • Canham, Erwin D. - Rhodes Scholar; Editor of The Christian Science Monitor; Governor of Guam
  • Cantor, Eddie - Popular vaudevillian
  • Carroll, B. H. - First president of Southwestern Seminary and instrumental in the creation of the Department of Evangelism of the Home Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention
  • Carnahan, Melvin E. - Mel Carnahan was the State Treasurer, Lieutenant Governor and from 1993 to 2000 when he was killed in an airplane crash, the Governor of Missouri. He was so popular he was elected even after his untimely demise.
  • Carroll, Daniel - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Carson, Christopher "Kit" - Frontiersman, scout and explorer
  • Cass, Lewis - American solider, politician and diplomat. Served as Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and U. S. Senator. He was a Grand Master of Iowa and the first Grand Master of Michigan.
  • Catton, John - U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • Chamberlain, Joshua L. - The Union General who received the only battlefield promotion to general during the US Civil War and was credited with the victory in the crucial Battle of the Little Round Top for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery. He was chosen to receive the surrender of the arms and colors of the Confederacy. A chivalrous man, he had his troops salute the defeated army as they marched by. Many believe that this singular act was crucial to begin the healing process at the end of that horrid war. He later served as Governor of his home state of Maine for four terms and was the President of Bowdoin College where he taught every subject in the curriculum except mathematics. He was the last soldier to die of wounds received in the War and even today is used as an example in leadership by the US Army.
  • Chamfort, Nicolas - Loge des Neuf Soeurs, Paris
  • Chandler, Albert "Happy" - Sportsman
  • Charles XII - King of Sweden
  • Chase, Carlton - First dedicated bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire.
  • Chennault, Clair Lee - American General nicknamed "Old Leather Face", he organized the daring "Flying Tigers" and was a heroic symbol to the Chinese throughout World War II.
  • Christian, John T. - Baptist Minister; Professor of Church History and Librarian of the Baptist Bible Institute. The Library on the New Orleans seminary campus bears his name.
  • Chrysler, Walter P. - American automobile manufacturer who founded the Chrysler Corporation
  • Churchill, Randolph - British Statesman
  • Churchill, Winston - British politician and writer. Prime Minister (1940-1945 and 1951-1955). His inspiration is often credited with helping Britain survive under the onslaught of Hitler's evil.
  • Citroen, Andre - French engineer and motor car manufacturer
  • Clark, Mark Wayne - US Army General who commanded the American Fifth Army when it made its initial landings on the Italian mainland. Later commanded the 15th Army Group consisting of the British Eight and American Fifth Armies as it effected the conquest of Italy.
  • Clark, Montague Graham, Jr. - Presbyterian minister and President of the School of the Ozarks.
  • Clark, Roy - Country-Western star and singer; member of the Grand Ole Opry
  • Clark, Tom C. - Supreme Court Justice (1949-1967)
  • Clark, William - American explorer and frontier politician who joined another Freemason, Meriwether Lewis on the Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-6), the first overland exploration of the American West and Pacific Northwest. Clark was responsible for the careful mapmaking. He later served as Native American agent and governor of the Missouri Territory (1813-1821).
  • Clarke, John H. - Supreme Court Justice (1916-1922)
  • Clay, Henry - Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and Grand Master of Kentucky
  • Clayton, Lou - Vaudevillian. He was part of the "Clayton and Durante" Vaudeville act with Jimmy Durante.
  • Cleaveland, Moses - Active in the Revolutionary War, he was the Founder of Cleveland, Ohio.
  • Clemens, Samuel L. - Mark Twain - Writer and humorist. His famous works include the characters of Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn.
  • Clinton, De Witt - Mayor of New York City, Governor of New York, and presidential candidate, he also served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New York.
  • Clinton, George - Third Vice President of the United States and first to die in office.
  • Cobb, Ty - U. S. baseball player and manager who was the first player elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • Coburn, Charles D. - Actor
  • Cody, "Buffalo Bill" William - American guide, scout and showman, he founded the "Wild West Show" which toured Europe and America. Cody, Wyoming is named after him.
  • Cohan, George M. - American composer and lyricist, famous for such songs as "Yankee Doodle Dandy"
  • Cole, Nat 'King' - Great pianist and ballad singer
  • Coleman, Frank - Founder of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity
  • Collins, Ray - Actor who played "Lt. Tragg", the cop who was Perry Mason's nemisis.
  • Collodi, Carlo - Writer of 'Pinocchio'
  • Colt, Samuel - Firearms inventor and manufacturer. He invented the first revolver.
  • Combs, Earle Bryan - Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Conner, W. T. - Taught theology at Southwestern Seminary 1910--1949.
  • Conz, Brian - NASCAR driver, he'll pilot the car being sponsored by the 32nd Degree Scottish Rite Masons during 2007
  • Cooper, Gordon - Astronaut
  • Corchran, Gordon "Mickey" - Sportsman
  • Coward, Charles "The Count of Auschwitz" - Camberwell Old Comrades Lodge No. 4077, UGLE. "The Count of Auschwitz" as he would come to be known, he joined the British Army in 1937 and was captured by the Germans in 1940. In retrospect the Germans would have deeply regretted capturing Coward as he probably did more damage to the German cause than he ever could have done had he not been captured, for as a POW he basically launched a one man war. He escaped a total of nine times, including two times before he had even arrived at a POW camp! During one escape Coward was awarded the Iron Cross while posing as a wounded soldier in a German army field hospital. During another, Coward spotted a V-1 Rocket base and managed to convey its location to British Intelligence. Between escapes, Coward managed to continuously thwart the German war effort, organizing numerous acts of sabotage while serving on work details. For the remainder of the war, Coward continuously sent coded messages regarding military intelligence via letters to his family. In 1943, Coward was sent to the notorious Auschwitz . Here he was appointed the International Red Cross liaison for British prisoners of war in the area. In this position, he devised an elaborate scheme to "buy" corpses of non-Jews by bribing guards with Red Cross supplies. At night, when Jews deemed unfit to work were being marched to the gas chambers, they would quickly jump out of line and conceal themselves in a ditch. Coward would then arrange for the corpses he had purchased to be spread along the road to substitute for the hidden Jews, who would then be smuggled away to freedom, using the identities of the corpses. In this way, Coward is estimated to have saved 400-800 Auschwitz inmates from death. Coward also used his Red Cross position to smuggle food and other supplies to Jewish prisoners, including dynamite, which was used to partially destroy the gas chambers. In 1944, Coward was transferred to a small work camp and was conscripted to work in an IG Farben-run coal mine. Along with his fellow POW's, Coward did his best to deliberately slow down and sabotage production. After the war, Coward testified at the Nuremburg trials, and in 1953 testified in a lawsuit brought against IG Farben for using slave labor. During this trial the German judge commended Coward for his courage and remarked: "He did this for the mere reason he and the prisoners were fellow human beings". In 1963 Coward was awarded the title of one of the Righteous Among the Nations and had a tree planted in his honour in the Avenue of Righteous Gentiles in Israel. A book about Coward's exploits, The Password is Courage , was published in 1954, and a movie of the same name was produced in 1962. He was also awarded the Israeli Peace medal; one of only two British citizens to be so honored, the other recipient being Bro. Winston Churchill.
  • Craig, John B. - Career US foreign service officer and current (1999) Ambassador to the Sultanate of Oman
  • Crockett, David ('Davy') - Frontiersman and politician. US Representative from Tennessee who joined the Texas revolutionaries fighting against. Mexico. He died at the siege of the Alamo.
  • Crawford, James - Rose from the lowest ranks to the top rungs of both the Minnesota State Patrol (Chief 1973-1979) and the US Army Reserves (Brig. General) and then served two terms as Mayor of Forest Lake, MN.
  • Crisp, Donald - Entertainer
  • Crosby, Norm - Comedian and entertainer best known for his malaproprisms. Always seen on the Jerry Lewis telethons for muscular dystrophy in the US. He is a Past Master of a Lodge in Massachusetts. Has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
  • Crosley, Powel Jr. - Inventor, businessman, radio pioneer, and owner of a major league baseball team, all in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio. Senior citizens may well remember the very popular Crosley Radio although this Mason achieved fame in many, many areas including creation of his own automobile company and department store chain.
  • Crowe, William J. Jr. - Served as Commander-in-Chief, US Pacific Command; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and sworn in as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on May 19, 1994.
  • Cushing, William - Supreme Court Justice

[D]

  • Dallas, George M. - 12th American Vice President, he also served as Minister to Russia (1837-39) and to Great Britain (1856-61)
  • Darrah, Delmar - Stimulus, imagination and drive for the founding of the American Passion Play, a vivid portrayal of the life of Jesus of Nazareth, for more than four decades, one of the Midwest US's greatest religious dramas and the forerunner of all such plays in the United States.
  • Daub, Hal - Mayor of Omaha, Nebraska (2001)
  • Davidson, Jim - British comedian
  • Dawson, William Crosby - Grand Master of Masons in Georgia from 1843 until his death in Greensboro on May 6, 1856.
  • Dearborn, Major General Henry - Ranking US Army commander during the War of 1812.
  • DeBar, Ben - One of the most famous of the early day US actors and one of the first of prominence to play in 'talkies'.
  • Decroly, Ovide - Noted developer of educational psychology
  • Delaney, Martin - African-American abolitionist and arguably the first proponent of American Black Nationalism. Commissioned as a Major during the Civil War, he was the first African-American Line Field Officer in the United States Army.
  • delPilar, Marcelo - The "Father of Philippine Masonry", a lawyer who founded the first daily newspaper published in the native Tagalog language.
  • DeMille, Cecil B. - Film director. DeMille directed the first Hollywood film, The Squaw Man, in 1914. DeMille became the creative genius behind Paramount Pictures and was integral to Hollywood's development as the film capitol of the world. Two of his greatest film successes were The Ten Commandments (1923, remade 1956) and The Greatest Show on Earth(1952).
  • Dempsey, (William Harrison) Jack - Became a professional boxer in 1912 and fought in more than 100 semi-pro and professional bouts before winning the heavyweight championship in 1919. He successfully defended his title five times before losing to Gene Tunney in an upset in 1926. In the rematch in 1927, Dempsey knocked Tunney down in the seventh round but delayed going to a neutral corner, so the referee gave the controversial "long count" (estimated from 14 to 21 seconds) and Tunney went on to win on points. Later became a restaurant owner in New York.
  • Desaguliers, John Theophilus - Inventor of the planetarium
  • Devanter, Willis Van - Supreme Court Justice
  • Dewey, Thomas - U.S. Politician
  • Dickens, Little Jimmy - Grand Old Opry member
  • Dickinson, John - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Diefenbaker, John G. - Prime Minister of Canada 1957-63
  • Dirksen, Everett M. - American political leader, he served eight terms in the US House of Representatives and became Republican minority leader of the Senate.
  • Dix, Richard - Entertainer
  • Dixon, Lt. George - Commander of the ill-fated submarine Hunley during the US Civil War. Lt. Dixon's love of Freemasonry was shown by the artifacts recovered when the Hunley was found.
  • Dole, Robert (Bob) J. - Decorated Veteran, World War II; U.S. Congressman and Senator from Kansas, 1961-96; Majority and Minority Leader, U.S. Senate; Nominee for President of the United States 1996; Humanitarian and Philanthropist.
  • Dodge, Henry - First U.S. Marshal in Missouri, Governor of Wisconsin Territory, Senator from Wisconsin.
  • Doolittle, General James - American Army officer and aviator, he led the daring raids on Tokyo.
  • Douglas, James - Became Governor of Vermont in 2003.
  • Douglas, William O. - US Supreme Court Justice for 36 years.
  • Dow, Herbert Henry - Founded Dow Chemical Co.
  • Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan - British physician and writer, creator of the famous "Sherlock Holmes".
  • Drake, Edwin L. - American pioneer of the oil industry
  • Driver, Captain Thomas - In 1831 received a delegation of ladies aboard his ship, the SS Charles. They presented him with a new flag which they had just made. Touched by the unexpected gift, he immediately ordered the new colors run up the mast and as he saluted declared, "I name thee Old Glory." The name stuck and Bro. Driver carried "Old Glory" twice around the world.
  • DuBois, W.E.B. - Educator/Scholar and co-founder of the NAACP
  • Dunant, Jean Henri - Philanthropist who inspired the founding of the Red Cross.
  • Dym, Jack - Known to New Yorkers as "Jack The Hack". Brother Dym was forced to leave high school just days before his graduation to serve in World War II. Upon his return, he became a New York City taxicab driver - possibly the only friendly one, who gives smiley face balloons to his passengers - and has been doing that for some 57 years. Despite his own lack of a diploma, he put his children and grandchildren through college even selling a rare NYC taxi medallion (signifying ownership) for this purpose. In 2002, he wrote to his former high school and asked if he could attend their graduation, having missed his so many years before: the school welcomed his attendance with open arms and he even 'danced the night away' with the his wife of 50+ years and other high school graduates at the senior prom - wearing (what else?) the tuxedo he uses for Masonic events. Brother Dym was profiled on a June 30, 2002 segment of the nationally-aired CBS television program, Sunday Morning. Yet another famous Mason!

[E]

  • Easton, Rufus - First postmaster west of the Mississippi River.
  • Ebbets, Charles H. - Owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team and President of the National League for 27 years. He built Ebbets Field.
  • Edson, Carroll A. - Co-founder of the Order of the Arrow, the Boy Scout honor fraternity.
  • Edward VII - Prince of Wales and subsequently King of England
  • Edward VIII - King of England who abdicated the throne in less than 1 year in order to marry the woman he loved.
  • Eiffel, Gustave - Designer and architect of the Eiffel Tower.
  • Eisle, Don - Astronaut
  • Elgin, Lord - In addition to being the Chief of the Name of Bruce, he is the Convener of the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs, retired Brigadier General in the Scots Guard Reserve, and is a Knight of the Thistle. He is a former Grand Master Mason of Scotland (the Grand Master as styled in Scotland) and has been head of the Royal Arch Chapter in Scotland for many years. Additionally he is the worldwide head of the Royal Order of Scotland.
  • Ellington, Duke - American jazz composer, maestro, bandleader, and pianist, considered the greatest composer in the history of jazz music and one of the greatest musicians of the 20th Century.
  • Ellison, Sr., Dr. John Malcus - Past President of Virginia Union University and an author of various Masonic publications. He was an active member of the United Supreme Council - Southern Jurisdiction and a member of Jonathan Lodge #112 F&AM, Richmond, VA
  • Ellsworth, Oliver - The third Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court and responsible for the term "United States" appearing in the Constitution.
  • Enzi, Michael B. - United States Senator (Wyoming) whose father was also an active Mason and whose mother was a member of the Order of Eastern Star.
  • Ernette, James L. - Pennsylvania State Trooper also served as Grand Master of the GL of PA (1998-99)
  • Ervin Jr, Samuel J. - As U.S. Senator from North Carolina, he led the "Watergate" committee during the Nixon presidency and was widely praised for his fair-handed behavior.
  • Evanko, Col. Paul J. - Current (1999) Commissioner of the Pennsylvania State Police.
  • Evans, Bob - Famous restaurateur, his eateries are found throughout the United States.
  • Evans, Hugh I. - Head of U.S. Presbyterian Church

[F]

  • Faber, Eberhard - Head of the famous Eberhard Faber Pencil Company.
  • Fairbanks, Douglas - American silent film actor known for his performance in swashbuckling adventures such as 'Robin Hood'
  • Farragut, David G. - Admiral, US Navy. Leading Union naval officer of the US Civil War.
  • Feller, Bob - Hall of Fame baseball pitcher with the 28th most winning record.
  • Fernández-Juncos, Manuel - Hero of Puerto Rico, the capital's second most important boulevard is named after him.
  • Fiala, Anthony - War correspondent and famous photographer of Brazilian and polar expeditions.
  • Field, Stephen J. - US Supreme Court Justice (1863-1897)
  • Fields, W. C. - American entertainer known for his raspy voice, bulbous nose, and sardonic disposition. His films include My Little Chickadee (1940) and Never Give a Sucker an Even Break (1941).
  • Fisher, Geoffrey - English churchman, the 99th Archbishop of Canterbury. He became Bishop of London in 1939, and archbishop of Canterbury in 1945. Fisher was a distinguished pastor and administrator, helping to reorganize the work of the Church of England after World War II. As President of the World Council of Churches (1946-54), he was a vigorous proponent of ecumenism.
  • Fitch, John - American inventor, who probably developed the first American steamboat, an achievement often attributed to American inventor Robert Fulton.
  • Fleming, Sir Alexander - British bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928. He shared a 1945 Nobel Prize for this achievement.
  • Foelsche, Paul - First police inspector in Australia's Northwest Territories.
  • da Fonseca, Manuel Deodoro - Grão Mestre de Grande Oriente do Brasil, later first president of Brazil.
  • Ford, Gerald R. - 25 year Congressman and Minority Leader of the US House of Representatives, he was appointed Vice President of the U.S. in the wake of the Spiro Agnew scandal. When President Richard Nixon resigned, he became the 38th President of the United States.
  • Ford, Glenn - Famous US movie actor
  • Ford, Henry - Invented the first gasoline powered automobile in 1893, founded Ford Motor Company in 1903 and mass-produced the first widely available and affordable car.
  • Francis II - Holy Roman Emperor
  • Francis, Russell Ross - Professional football player: New England Patriots and San Francisco 49ers.
  • Frank, Eugene M. - Methodist Bishop
  • Franklin, Benjamin - American printer (he published the first book to come off the press in the colonies - Anderson's Constitutions of 1723), author, diplomat, philosopher, and scientist, whose contributions to the American Revolution (1775-1783), and the newly formed federal government that followed, rank him among the country's greatest statesmen. He held the Masonic title of Grand Master of Pennsylvania and was one of the 13 Masonic signers of the Constitution of the United States.
  • Francona, Tito - US baseball player for the Cleveland Indians. He held a record for the most hits for a player in under 400 at bats.
  • Frederick II ("The Great") - King of Prussia (1712-1786) Effective military commander, music composer, patron of literature and the arts and institutor of many social reforms.
  • Fuller, Alfred - Fuller Brushes
  • Fulton, Robert - Often referred to as a Mason (as a member of Hiram Lodge in New York City), his Masonic membership cannot be established factually. At least one Masonic Lodge was named for him - Robert Fulton Lodge #104, New York, NY.

[G]

  • Gable, Clark - American actor who played opposite nearly every major female star during the 1930's. Perhaps best remembered for his role as Rhett Butler in 'Gone with the Wind', he had received an Academy Award as Best Actor (in the Best Movie) of 1934. ('It Happened One Night').
  • Gardiner, William Tudor - Former Governor of Maine, USA later Brigadier General, US Army. He was one of two American soldiers to enter Rome while still in the hands of the enemy to negotiate the Italian surrender.
  • Garfield, James A. - The 20th President of the United States, he was assassinated in 1881 and his death was the cause of considerable mourning in the US.
  • Gatchell, T. James (Jim) - With no formal post high school education, he became a pharmacist, historian and collector. As a volunteer fireman, he was injured twice and he acted as a physician during the 1918 flu epidemic and was involved in early skin graft. He was a musician and was fluent in Lakota and Plains Indian sign language. He collected historical objects from white pioneers and Indians from the Buffalo, Wyoming area. He died in 1954 and his collection is now the basis for a 2002 AAM accredited facility collection.
  • Gates, John - Known as "Bet-a-million" Gates, he was the founder of Texaco Oil Company and popularized barbed wire.
  • Gatling, Richard L. - Inventor of the Gatling gun which changed the face of warfare but also saved many lives as it was thereafter unnecessary to field so many men. He also invented a steam plow and numerous machines to sow seeds and improve the lives of farmers. In 1943 a US Destroyer was named in his honor.
  • George I - King of Greece
  • George II - King of Greece
  • George IV - King of England
  • George VI - King of England during World War II.
  • Gerry, Elbridge - American politician. Signer of the Declaration of Independence and a delegate to the Continental Congress, he served as Governor of Massachusetts (1810-1811) and Vice President of the United States until his death (1813-1814).
  • Gibbon, Edward - Writer, perhaps best known for the classic 'Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'.
  • Gibson, Hoot - Actor
  • Gilbert, Sir William S. - British playwright and lyricist known for a series of comic operas including "H.M.S. Pinafore" and "The Pirates of Penzance" written with composer Sir Arthur Sullivan.
  • Gillette, King C. - American inventor and manufacturer who developed the safety razor and founded the Gillette Safety Razor Co.
  • Gilman, Benjamin A. - A U.S. congressman from the 20th New York District who in 1978 was successful as a champion of human rights.
  • Girard, Stephen - Born in France, he was an enormously successful merchant, mariner and banker. He largely financed the U.S. government during the War of 1812.
  • Glenn, John H., Jr. - U. S. astronaut and first American to orbit the earth in a space craft in 1962, he became a U. S. Senator from Ohio from 1974 through 1998 and in November, 1998, returned to space 36 years after his original journey as the oldest American astronaut. "God speed, Brother Glenn!"
  • Glickman, Dan - US Congressman from Kansas and Secretary of the US Department of Agriculture
  • Godfrey, Arthur - American television personality and one of the medium's dominant stars throughout the 1950s as host of variety show programs. This redhead's songs and skits with his ukulele entertained millions.
  • von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang - Philosopher and Poet
  • Goldwater, Barry - American politician, a conservative Republican he served as Senator from Arizona and unsuccessfully ran for president in 1964.
  • Gompers, Samuel - He led in the formation of the American Federation of Labor and (with the exception of one year) headed it from 1886 to 1924. He opposed socialism and communism and radicalism generally and kept the movement focused on economic goals and job security. He saw several reforms in child labor.
  • Goodman, E. Urner - Co-founder of the Order of the Arrow, a Boy Scout honor fraternity.
  • Goodnow, David - Newscaster and former long-time news anchor on CNN News
  • Gorham, Bradford - Former Rhode Island House Minority Leader, he served as Master of his Masonic lodge.
  • Gorham, Nicholas - Son of Bradford and a RI State Representative.
  • Gowdy, Curtis E. "Curt" - National television and radio sports announcer and commentator, well known as the 'voice' of the Boston Red Sox. President of the Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • Graham, Albert Belmont - Father of the 4-H Rural Youth Program.
  • Gray, Harold Lincoln - Creator of "Little Orphan Annie".
  • Greeley, Adolphus - Noted polar explorer, a US stamp honors his achievements
  • Griffith, D. W. - Pioneer filmmaker
  • Grissom, Virgil "Gus" - Astronaut who made the second crewed spaceflight in 1961, he was tragically killed in a launch pad explosion in 1967.
  • Grock - Swiss Circus Clown, known as the "King of Clowns" and recognized for his virtuosity in both circus and theatre.
  • Guest, Edgar A. - Writer
  • Guillotin, Joseph Ignace - French physician and revolutionary who advocated for a more humane method of death which came to bear his name.
  • Gustavus IV - King of Sweden

[H]

  • Hahnemann, Samuel - German physician and founder of homeopathy. His full name was Christian Frederich Samuel.
  • Haise, Fred - Astronaut
  • Hall, Prince - The man whose name is honored by generations of black Freemasons who follow in his footsteps. There are several conflicting stories of his life and achievements.
  • Hamilton, Frederick William - Unitarian minister and President of Tufts College.
  • Hamilton, William W. - Named the Southern Baptist Convention's Home Mission Board's first head of the Department of Evangelism in 1906. He served as president of Baptist Bible Institute (BBI), now the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, from 1927to 1943. While president, he saved BBI from bankruptcy in 1932 when the school defaulted on $353,000 in bonds. President of the SBC from 1940 to 1942.
  • Hampton, Lionel - Best known for playing the vibraphones, he is a jazz giant.
  • Hancock, John - One of nine Masons - and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, he was President of the Continental Congress and served nine terms as Governor of Massachusetts.
  • Harding, Warren G. - The 29th President of the United States. His political appointments engaged in serious corruption leading to the "Teapot Dome" scandal. He died in office.
  • Hardy, Oliver - American comedian, famous for the slapstick abuse he inflicted upon his partner, Stan Laurel.
  • Harlan, John M. - U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • Harnett, Cornelius - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Harrington, Jonathan - Last survivor of the Battle of Lexington
  • Harvie, John - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Haydn, Franz Joseph - Austrian composer who exerted great influence on the development of the classical symphony.
  • Helms, Jesse - Well-known conservative US Senator from North Carolina, he has been a leader in the field of US foreign relations for decades.
  • Henry, Patrick - American colonial patriot, member of the Continental Congress, he spurred the creation of the Virginia militia with the famous words "Give me liberty or give me death". Later served as the Governor of Virginia
  • Henley, Vernard W. Sr. - C.E.O. and President, Consolidated Bank and Trust Co in Richmond, Virginia, the oldest Black owned Bank in the United States. Made a Mason at Sight in 1997 at the Annual Grand Lodge Session held in Arlington, Va. by The Most Worshipful Grand Master Of Virginia. (P.H.A.).
  • Henson, Matthew - Sole companion of Bro. Adm. Robert Peary when he discovered the North Pole in 1909. He authored the book "A Negro Explorer at the North Pole" and was honored by the White House before his death. Celestial Lodge #3, PHA, NYC.
  • Herkimer, Nicholas - Brigadier General of the US Revolution
  • Herrmann, Alexander - "King of Magic"
  • Hershey, Lewis - Director of the U.S. Selective Service for 30 years
  • Hersholt, Jean - Entertainer
  • Herter, Christian - Diplomat and Journalist; Under Secretary of State, Governor of Massachusetts and United States Congressman.
  • Hewes, Joseph - Signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Hewitt, H. Kent - U.S. Admiral
  • Hoban, James - Irish-born American architect who designed and supervised the construction (1793-1801) and renovation (1815-1829) of the White House in Washington, DC.
  • Hobbs, Herschell Harold (d. 1995). - An ordained Southern Baptist minister for 69 years, he wrote at least 147 books and Bible commentaries used in Southern Baptist churches. He preached more than 700 sermons on the syndicated radio program, the "Baptist Hour" between 1958 and 1978. He was president of the Southern Baptist Convention from 1961-63. He was raised a Master Mason in Siloam Lodge No. 276 in Oklahoma City at the age of 54, which was during his first term as president of the Southern Baptist Convention. He became a Scottish Rite Mason in 1966 while a preacher on the "Baptist Hour".
  • Hodge, John R. - U.S. General
  • Hoe, Richard M. - Inventor and businessman.
  • Holland, Leonard - Longtime Adjutant General of the Rhode Island National Guard
  • Holliday, Frank Jr. - American motion picture actor of the 1930s.
  • Hooper, William - Signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Hoover, Frank - A brand of vacuum cleaners is named after him.
  • Hoover, J. Edgar - American Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-1972). He is remembered for fighting gangsterism during the Prohibition era (1919-1933) and for a vigorous anti-Communist campaign after World War II.
  • Hornish, Jr., Sam - Race car driver, he was the youngest champion of a major, North American open-wheel series in modern racing history. In 2001, he lead the Indy Northern Light Series from start to finish.
  • Hornsby, Rogers - US baseball player, led the National League in hitting for 5 years and had a lifetime batting average second only to Bro. Ty Cobb.
  • Horton, Frank Reed - Lawyer, textbook author, Scouter, and Founder of the Alpha Phi Omega service fraternity, an organization at the forefront of college service fraternities.
  • Horton, Tim - Canadian ice hockey legend, he founded the donut chain which bears his name.
  • Houdini, Harry (Ehrich Weiss) - Premiere American magician known for his escapes from chains, handcuffs, straitjackets and padlocked containers, he was immensely proud of his Masonic affiliations and became a Shriner just before his untimely death.
  • Houston, Sam - American general who became the first President of the Republic of Texas even though his candidacy was announced only 12 days previously. He later served a second term. When Texas was admitted to the Union, he served as US senator and governor.
  • Hubbell, Carl O. - Sportsman
  • Humphrey, Hubert H. - US Vice President under Lyndon Johnson.

[I]

  • Ireland, Merritt W. - U.S. General
  • Irvin Tommy - Georgia's Commissioner of Agriculture and the state's longest serving official, he is also a Past Grand Master.
  • Irwin, James B. - American astronaut, he was a member of the 4th moon landing team.
  • Ives, Burl - Legendary entertainer and ballad singer.

[J]

  • Jackson, Andrew - 7th President of the United States (1829-1837) and first Westerner to be elected President. A national military hero for his actions in the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812, His term addressed many of the significant issues in the formation of the country but was marked by political partisanship so common in that time. He left a legacy of a strong presidency. He was Grand Master of Masons in Tennessee two terms (1822-1824).
  • Jackson, Reverend Jesse - Baptist Minister, American civil rights leader and politician. His concerns for the oppressed and his dramatic oratory have attracted a large grassroots constituency called the Rainbow Coalition.
  • Jackson, Robert H. - American Supreme Court Justice and Prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Trials.
  • Janos, Paul - Mayor of Tarrytown, NY (2000)
  • Jeffries, John - Physician & pioneer balloonist; Revolutionary War Loyalist - surgeon with British forces; made first crossing of the English Channel by Balloon, January 7, 1785; delivered the first public lecture in New England on anatomy at Boston, 1789.
  • Jenner, Edward - English physician. Discoverer of small pox vaccine.
  • Johansson, Bengt - Finnish composer
  • Johnson, Andrew - The 17th President of the United States, he succeeded the assassinated Abraham Lincoln. An attempt to unseat Secretary of War Edwin Stanton led to his impeachment on purely political grounds; he was acquitted by one vote.
  • Johnson, Richard M. - American Vice President under Martin VanBuren
  • Jolson, Al - American vaudeville and film performer, whose trademark became minstrel-style singing in blackface makeup. He starred in 'The Jazz Singer', the first important motion 'talking' picture with synchronized sound.
  • Jones, Anson - 5th President of the Republic of Texas
  • Jones, Frank - Hotel and brewery owner, President of the Boston & Maine Railroad, his hotel hosted the delegates to the conference that ended the Russo-Japanese War. Brother Theodore Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace prize for his skills in negotiating at that conference.
  • Jones, John Paul - Scottish born seaman, he became a naval hero and 'Father of the U. S. Navy'. He later commanded Russian naval ships in their war against the Ottoman Empire.
  • Jones, Melvin - One of the founders of the Lions International, the international service organization.
  • Juarez, Benito - First Native-American President of Mexico, he reestablished republican government there.

[K]

  • Kahn, Gus - Songwriter for Broadway and Hollywood musicals. His songs include "Toot Toot Tootsie Goodbye", "It had to be you" and "Yes Sir, That's My Baby".
  • Kalakaua, King David - Last monarch of the Hawaiian Kingdom
  • Kamehameha (s), King (III, IV, and V) - all of whom were Monarchs of the Hawaiian Kingdom
  • Kane, Elisha Kent - Polar explorer and physician
  • Keating, Kenneth B. - Congressman and Senator from New York, Ambassador to India and then Israel. He died in office in 1975. (Note: this is NOT the Keating of the banking scandals!)
  • Kellar, Harry - America's premier magician from 1887 to 1908
  • Kelly, Emmett - Clown
  • Kelly, Oliver Hudson - Agrarian reformer and Founder of the Grange
  • Kemp, Jack - US Republican Congressman from New York, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and Vice Presidential candidate with Mason Bob Dole
  • Key, Francis Scott - U.S. Patriot
  • Kheraskov, Mikhail - Journalist, publisher and trustee of Moscow University
  • King, Charles - American biochemist who isolated vitamin C.
  • King, Ernest Joseph - Fleet Admiral, he was Commander-in-Chief of the US Fleet in 1941 and Chief of Naval Operations from 1942-1945.
  • King, Karl L. - One of America's top four march composers (1891-1971)
  • King, Thomas Starr - Religious Leader
  • King, William - First Governor of Maine and first Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Maine, he held both offices simultaneously.
  • King, William Rufus - American Vice President, he died in office. His bust is in the Senate wing of the US Capitol.
  • Kipling, Rudyard - British writer who won the Nobel Prize for literature. Many of his works have strong Masonic themes and some are specifically about Freemasonry, despite the fact that he was only active in his lodge for a brief period of time. Eschewing most honors, Bro. Kipling accepted recognition from Freemasonry by being named one of forty living Fellows of the Philalethes Society.
  • Kleinknecht, Kenneth S. - Manager for Command and Service Modules in the Apollo space program.
  • Knox, Major General Henry - US Revolutionary War hero, he was the first Secretary of War under the U.S. Constitution. A Masonic lodge named in his honor was constituted on the gun deck of the USS Constitution ('Old Ironsides') in 1926. Knoxville, Tennessee and the famous "Fort Knox" were named in his honor.
  • Kossuth, Lajos (Louis) - Tireless campaigner for Hungarian freedom, he was the first 'foreigner' to address the U. S. Congress after Lafayette.
  • Kostiainen, Pekka - Finnish Composer
  • Kresge, Sebastian S. - Founded S. S. Kresge, one of the great Five and Dime Stores. It's now known as K-Mart.
  • Kruger, David - An optometrist who, in an era of racial discrimination, opened his office to all regardless of race or social status. His efforts on behalf of children have been untiring and he was honored by a tribute in the Congressional Record in September, 2002.
  • Kutuzov, Mikhail - Russian field marshal who distinguished himself in the wars against Turkey (1770-1774 and 1787-1791) and commanded (1805-1812) the Russian opposition to Napoleon.

[L]

  • Ladd, Dr. Joseph - Pioneer in Rhode Island on behalf of the mentally retarded.
  • Lafayette, Marquis de - French soldier and politician, he took part in the American Revolution as a close supporter and friend of Brother George Washington.
  • Lake, Simon - Engineer who built the first submarine to operate successfully in open sea.
  • LaGuardia, Fiorello - American politician, the major airport in New York City is named in his honor.
  • Lamar, Joseph R. - US Supreme Court Justice
  • Lamar, Mirabeau B. - American politician and diplomat, he was the 2nd President of the Republic of Texas and later served as Minister to Nicaragua.
  • LaMay, Curtis E. - U.S. General
  • Land, Frank S. - In 1919, founded the Order of DeMolay, a fraternal organization for young men aged 12-21. Originally a group of fatherless boys, DeMolay quickly grew and was 'adopted' by Freemasonry in the United States. Today DeMolay is international in scope and millions of boys and men still refer to the founder of the Order as "Dad".
  • Laurens, Henry - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Lawrence, J. B. - Vice president of the Southern Baptist Convention and Secretary-Treasurer of the Home Mission Board for 30 years.
  • Lawrence, James - A US Navy Captain at age 31, he bravely commanded the Chesapeake against the frigate Shannon in the War of 1812. He was buried with Masonic and military honors.
  • Lawton, Henry Ware - US Civil War Medal of Honor winner, he was a Major General at the famous charge of the Rough Riders at San Juan Hill by Bro. Col. Theodore Roosevelt. He was killed in a battle against insurgents in the Philippines and has been honored by them on a postage stamp issued in 1966.
  • Leidy, Joesph - Naturalist, known as the "father of American paleontology".
  • LeJeune, John A. - Major General, U.S. Marine Corps and 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps (1920-1949) he earned the proud title of "the greatest leatherneck of them all".
  • Lemon, Mark - English founder and Editor of Punch Magazine
  • Leopold I - King of Belgium
  • Lewis, John L. - Labor Leader
  • Lewis, Meriwether - American soldier and explorer who, with fellow Mason William Clark conducted the first overland exploration of the West and Pacific Northwest. He also served as Governor of the Louisiana Territory and was proclaimed a National Hero. He was the first Master of St. Louis Lodge #111.
  • Lillie, Gordon - "Pawnee Bill" - US Frontiersman and showman, an occasional partner to Mason "Wild Bill" Cody
  • Lincoln, Elmo - First actor to play 'Tarzan of the Apes' (1918)
  • Lindbergh, Charles - American aviator who made the first solo transatlantic flight.
  • Lipton, Sir Thomas - British merchant and yacht racer who opened a successful chain of grocery stores in Great Britain and established tea processing factories in England and the US.
  • Liszt, Franz - Composer
  • Livingston, Robert R. - American statesman and diplomat, he was a member of the Continental Congress, was on the committee which drew up the Declaration of Independence and was a co-negotiator for purchase of Louisiana Territory.
  • Lloyd, Harold C. - Entertainer and American silent film actor
  • Long, Odel Squier - Clerk of the Supreme Court of West Virginia for 30 years.
  • Lord, John Wesley - Bishop, United Methodist Church
  • Lott, Trent - US Senator from Mississippi and former Senator Majority Leader.
  • Loving, Oliver - "Dean of the Texas trail-drivers". The Goodnight-Loving Trail was named in his honor.
  • Low, Titus - Methodist Council of Bishops President
  • Lyons, Theodore A. - Baseball pitcher who struggled to bring credibility back to the shattered Chicago White Sox out of their scandal-ridden period in the early 1900s.

[M]

  • MacArthur, General Douglas - A former US Chief of Staff, he commanded the Allied Forces in the South Pacific during World War II. He promised the Filipino people "I shall return" to save them from the occupying Japanese Forces. He was ultimately removed from military leadership by another Mason, President Harry S. Truman.
  • MacDonald, Sir John A. - The first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada (1867-1873 and 1878-1891 when he died in office). Began the creation of rail service across Canada.
  • MacLean, John B. - Founder of MacLeans Magazine.
  • Macoy, Robert - Publisher and organizer of Eastern Star
  • Macquarie, Lauchlan - Major General and the first governor in Chief of New South Wales. During his twelve years in office he raised NSW from a prison camp to a thriving colony.
  • Macy, Rowland Hussey - Owner of a small dry goods store in Haverhill, Massachusetts, he was the founder of R. H. Macy & Company, New York City.
  • Malmskog, William - First amputee firefighter in California history.
  • Marsh, Daniel L. - (1880-1968) Clergyman and Educator. President of Boston University, 1925-1952; Chancellor of Boston University, 1951-1968; Doctorates from many colleges and universities but was a down-to-earth and friendly person. The huge dome of Marsh Chapel named in his honor dominates the campus of Boston University on Commonwealth Avenue in Boston.
  • Marsh, Henry - First Black Mayor of Richmond, Virginia (1977)
  • Marshall, George C. - American soldier, diplomat and politician. He served as Secretary of State from 1947-1949 and organized the European Recovery Plan most often referred to as the "Marshall Plan" for which he received the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Marshall, James W. - Discovered Gold at Sutter's Mill California 1848
  • Marshall, John - A former Grand Master of his Grand Lodge (Virginia), he served as Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court 1801 - 1835 and firmly established the judiciary branch of US government.
  • Marshall, Peter - Presbyterian pastor of churches in Georgia & Washington, DC, Chaplain of the US Senate and author of such books as 'Mr. Jones, Meet the Master'. His biography is entitled "A Man Called Peter".
  • Marshall, Thomas R. - 22nd Vice President of the United States.
  • Marshall, Thurgood - The first Black to be appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States
  • Marx, Harpo - Entertainer
  • Mason, William Castein - A physician who practiced both medicine and Masonry actively in his native city of Bangor, Maine from the date of his graduation from Harvard University to the day he laid down his working tools. The statement is literally true for within 48 hours of his passing, he performed an extremely difficult operation of which 30 years before he was one of the founders. Named in his honor is the main auditorium of Maine's second largest hospital where he practiced all his life. (Mason Auditorium at Eastern Maine Medical Center.)
  • Massey, Hart - Massey-Ferguson farm equipment
  • Mathews, Stanley - US Supreme Court Justice
  • Mathewson, Christopher "Christy" - Sportsman
  • Mayer, Louis B. - Film producer who merged to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM)
  • Maynard, David S. "Doc" - Pioneer settler doctor who named the city of Seattle, Washington. He helped create the Washington Territory.
  • Maynard, Ken - Actor
  • Mayo, Dr. Charles - One of the brothers who began the world-famous Mayo Clinic, recognized as the first 'medical group practice' in the United States.
  • Maytag, Fredrick - Headed the company which produced farm equipment, the now little-known Maytag car and the first washing machine capable of being operated by an outside power source.
  • McAdam, John L. - Roads
  • McCall, Abner V. - President, Chancellor and President-Emeritus of Baylor University in Texas, he also served as the First Vice President of the Southern Baptist Convention (1979-80) and a long-time leader of the Organization of Baptist Colleges and Universities. He wrote "In thousands of meetings of Freemasons and of Baptists stretching back 60 years, I have seen nothing that made my belief and work in the Fraternity of Freemasons incompatible with my belief and work as a member of a Southern Baptist church."
  • McCarthy, Glenn H. - Famous Houston oilman, known as "king of the wildcatters"; built the Shamrock Hotel and was the basis for the character of Jett Rink played by James Dean in the 1956 film "Giant"."
  • McCown, John - Confederate General who died while attending his lodge meeting in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • McCoy, Clyde L. - Inventor of the 'wah-wah- trumpet and talented musical arranger.
  • McHenry, James - Was a surgeon in the American Revolution and private secretary to Generals Washington and Lafayette. Fort McHenry, Maryland, of "Star Spangled Banner" fame was named after this U.S. Secretary of War.
  • McKenzie, Dr. Parker Paul - A Kiowa Indian, he created an alphabet and recorded the words, grammar and syntax to provide a written language for Kiowa. At the time of his death in 1999, he was the oldest living Kiowa.
  • McKinley, William - The 25th President of the United States (1897-1901). His presidency was marked by the Spanish-American War (1898), the annexation of Cuba and the Philippines, an open-door policy with China, and the passage of the Gold Standard Act (1900). He was assassinated by an anarchist in Buffalo, New York.
  • McLean, John - Associate Justice (1829-1861)
  • Mclellan, Archibald - Editor-in-Chief, The Christian Science Monitor.
  • McLemore, Richard A. - President of Mississippi College in Clinton, Mississippi.
  • Melchior, Lauritz - One of the world's foremost Wagnerian tenors.
  • Mellon, Andrew - Financier, public official, philanthropist; He helped found the Union Trust Company of Pittsburgh (1898), the Gulf Oil Corporation (1895), the Pittsburgh Coal Company (1899), the Aluminum Company of America, and the company that built the Panama Canal locks. He served as Secretary of the Treasury under three presidents and stressed policies aimed at reducing the national debt. He forged agreements with European governments for repayment of their World War I debts and served as ambassador to Britain (1932--33). In 1913 he established the Mellon Institute for Industrial Research and he endowed the National Gallery of Art (1937).
  • Mellos, Nicholas - Senior Chief Petty Officer, US Navy. He was the senior enlisted person on the P3 airplane which was rammed by a Chinese jet and forced to land in China in 2001. In addition to being awarded the Air Medal, Senior Chief Mellos was one of only two crew members awarded the Meritorious Service Medal for his bravery and leadership during their captivity. (The other MSM went to the aircraft's Commanding Officer.) Bravo Zulu, Senior Chief
  • Menninger, Dr. Karl A. - Psychiatrist famous for treating mental illness and headed the Menninger Foundation until his death in 1990.
  • Menninger, Dr. William - Psychiatrist with the Menninger Clinic, Topeka, Kansas. Was active with the Boy Scout movement and in 1934 wrote the "Skipper's Handbook" for Sea Scout Leaders.
  • Menzies, Sir Robert - 12th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Mercherle, George Jacob - Founder of State Farm Insurance
  • Mesmer, Franz Anton - practiced Mesmerism, the precursor of hypnosis in modern psychotherapy.
  • Mfume, Kweisi - U. S. Congressman and President and CEO of the NAACP.
  • Michelson, Albert Abraham - Successfully measured the speed of light in 1882. For this and other pioneering work in optical instrumentation, he became the first American scientist to win a Nobel Prize (1907).
  • Minton, Sherman - US Senator and Supreme Court Justice from 1949-1956.
  • Mitchell, Edgar D. - US Astronaut who flew on the Apollo 14 mission.
  • Mix, Tom - Champion rodeo rider, soldier and cowboy, he stared in over 400 western films
  • Mokranjac, Stevan - Serbian composer (18560-1914)
  • Molson, John - Founder of Molson Breweries.
  • Monroe, James - The fifth President of the United States (1817-1825), whose administration was marked by the acquisition of Florida (1819), the Missouri Compromise (1820), in which Missouri was declared a slave state, and the profession of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), which declared U.S. opposition to European interference in the Americas.
  • Montgolfier, Jacques Etienne - Co-developer with his brother of the first practical hot-air balloon.
  • Montgomery, Richard - First general officer of the (US) Continental Army to be killed in battle (in the attack on the British fort at Quebec City).
  • Moody, William H. - Supreme Court Justice
  • Moore, David - Well known Baptist pastor in Southeastern New Mexico until his death in 1992 at the age of 103.
  • Morris, Rob - Lawyer, educator, 'Poet Laureate of Masonry', and founder of the Order of the Eastern Star.
  • Mozart, Leopold - Father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus - (1756-1791) Austrian composer considered among the greatest and most prolific composers in history. Of his more than 600 compositions, the finest works, including his last three symphonies (1788) and the operas Don Giovanni (1787) and The Magic Flute (1791), were written in the last five years of his short life.
  • Murphy, Audie - Most decorated American Soldier of WWII, he also achieved fame as an actor in movies (Westerns). An autobiographical movie was made of his heroic combat exploits.
  • Murrow, Joseph Samuel - Southern Baptist Home Missionary - and the 'Founder of Freemasonry in Oklahoma', he is said to have established more than 100 churches.

[N]

  • Naismith, James - Canadian-born American sports educator who invented the game of basketball.
  • Navikov, Nikolay - Russian journalist who debated with Tzarina Ekaterina the Great and a publisher who published more books than ever before in history.
  • Neilsen, Neils F. F. Jr. - For decades, Brother Neilsen fought to preserve the 'Old Man of the Mountain', the state symbol of New Hampshire. This huge granite formation is emblazoned on articles throughout New Hampshire. He was honored by being named 'Caretaker-Emeritus' of the monument. Sadly, in 2004 despite the many years and untold hours of labor to ensure that the elements would not destroy the monument, the 'Old Man' after standing in place for untold millennia, collapsed and broke apart.
  • Nelson, Samuel - Supreme Court Justice
  • New, Harry S. - Postmaster General of the United States who established Airmail
  • Newman, Robert - Revolutionary War Patriot. He was the Sexton of Christ Church (Old North), Boston, when lanterns were hung for Paul Revere. He served as Grand Tyler for the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
  • Newton, Joseph Fort - Christian Minister and Masonic Author
  • Newton, Louie D. - President of the Southern Baptist Convention; Vice President of the Baptist World Alliance; served 27 years on the SBC Executive Committee.
  • Nicholas, Samuel - First American Marine Corps officer, he was also considered the first Commandant of the Marines. He owned the Tun Tavern which the Corps considers their birthplace and which was also the meeting place of the first lodge in Pennsylvania.
  • Nicholson, Samuel - American Navy and first Commander of the famous frigate, U.S.S. Constitution.
  • Nickerson, LtGen Herman Jr., USMC - Former Commanding General, Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and Commander of I-Corps theater of operations in Vietnam
  • Nunn, Sam - Respected former U.S. Senator from Georgia. For seven years, he Chaired the Armed Services Committee.

[O]

  • O'Bannon, Pressley Neville - As a U.S. Marine Lieutenant and Mason, he placed the first 'Stars & Stripes' on foreign soil in defense of US national interests. His heroic achievement was the basis for the line in the Marine Corps hymn, "...to the shores of Tripoli."
  • O'Higgins, Bernardo - the Liberator of Chile. Educated in England but returned to his country to lead them in their fight for independence form Spain.
  • Olds, Ransom E. - American automobile inventor and manufacturer. Founded the Olds Motor Company which produced the Oldsmobile.
  • Oppenheimer, David - Mayor of Vancouver who had the foresight to preserve and enormous tract of land for use as a park, dedicated to Lord Stanley, yet another Freemason.
  • Otis, James - American Revolutionary politician and publicist. Famous for "Taxation without Representation is Tyranny"

[P]

  • Paine, Robert Treat - Signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Paisley, Brad - Top U.S. country singer and songwriter.
  • Palmer, Arnold - Golf Professional who for years set the example to make golf a 'gentlemen's' sport
  • Papst, Charles F. - Coined the term "Athletes Foot"
  • Parker, Frank - U.S. General
  • Paterson, William - Associate Justice (1793-1806)
  • Peale, Rev. Norman Vincent - American cleric, founder of "Guidepost", and known for his famous book, "The Power of Positive Thinking"
  • Peary, Admiral Robert E. - First man to reach the North Pole (1909)
  • Penney, J. (James) C. - US retailer who donated large amounts of money to charity
  • Pepper, Claude - US Senator from Florida, he was an active supporter of rights for senior citizens and when he died in 1989 he was the oldest man ever to serve in Congress.
  • Perham, Joe - Legendary Maine humorist, Joe is a storyteller, speaker, writer and actor. He's also a Past Master of his lodge in Maine. A great act if you can get to see his performance.
  • Perkins, Jacob - Early American Engraver and Engineer; emigrated to England in 1819 and established the bank note firm of Perkins, Fairman and Heath; this firm produced the first British postage stamps, including the famous "Penny Black".
  • Perry, Matthew - American Naval hero, he commanded one of the first steam ships and made a famous expedition to the Far East opening it for trade.
  • Pershing, John Joseph - ("Black Jack") American Army General who led the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I. In 1921, he was given the rank of General of the Armies, a rank only conferred once.
  • Peter the Great - Emperor of Russia
  • Phillips, John Henry Lawrence - Bishop of Portsmouth,1960-1975, Provincial Grand Master Hampshire & Isle of Wight Lodges, 1975-1979
  • Pickett, General George E. - Commanded the Confederate lines at the US Civil War battle of Gettysburg and led the final assault.
  • Pike, Albert - Pioneer, explorer, Confederate General, he re-wrote the rituals of the US Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite Bodies.
  • Pike, Zebulon M. - Discovered the great peak that bears his name. He was killed in action at Toronto during the War of 1812. (Note: there is some controversy about whether the Freemason was Zebulon Pike or his son.)
  • Pinchot, Bronson - Popular American actor, well-known for his "Balki Bartokamous" character in the television series 'Perfect Strangers' which ran from 1986-1993. He also starred in a mini-series of Stephen King's 'The Langoliers' as the murderous Toomey and continues to accumulate film credits and plaudits. Became a Mason in Harford Lodge #445, Pennsylvania in December, 2002.
  • Pintard, John - Founder of the New York Historical Society
  • Pitney, Mahlon - US Congressman and later Supreme Court Justice
  • Plongeon, Augustus Le - Archaeologist. First to survey and excavate at Chitchen Itza.
  • Poinsett, Joel R. - First U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and an amateur botanist who developed the flower: Poinsettia.
  • Polk, James Knox - Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Governor of Tennessee and eleventh President of the U.S.
  • Pope, Alexander - Writer
  • Potter, Henry Codman - Anglican Bishop of New York 1887-1908.
  • Pound, Roscoe - Dean, Harvard University School of Law; President International Academy of Comparative Law. He served as a Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and was considered an outstanding authority on Masonic jurisprudence. A charter member of 'The Harvard Lodge'.
  • Powell, Dick - Actor
  • Preble, Edward - Commander of USS Constitution and US Navy hero, he was one of the first five commissioned Lieutenants at the creation of the US Navy. At the commissioning of a new warship named in his honor, the ship's Commanding Officer and members of the crew as well as the Grand Lodges of Maine and Massachusetts laid a wreath at his grave in Portland, Maine.
  • Preston, William - Author of Illustrations of Masonry.
  • Pullman, George - Inventor and businessman, he built first sleeping car on train which became a standard throughout the world.
  • Purdy, George I. - One of the most well-respected businessmen in post-WWII Japan. His autobiography - A Summer for a Lifetime - is one which should be read by Masons and non-Masons alike and talks at length about the importance of Freemasonry in his life.
  • Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeyvich - Famous Russian poet and author who, among other works, wrote "Boris Godunov".
  • Putnam, Israel - One of four Major Generals at the start of the Revolutionary War, he was the only one to serve throughout. He is remembered for his order to his troops at the Battle of Bunker Hill: "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes." His son joined Freemasonry as well.
  • Putnam, Rufus - American Revolutionary War General, 'Father of the Northwest Territory' and First Grand Master of Masons in Ohio.

[Q]

  • Quezon, Manuel L. - First President of the Philippine Senate, first Commonwealth of the Philippines and first Grand Master of Philippine Freemasonry.
  • Quitman, John Anthony - Legislator, Governor or Mississippi and US Congressman, he served as Grand Master of Masons.

[R]

  • Rangel, Charles - U.S. Democratic Congressman from New York
  • Ransom, Paul L. - U.S. General
  • Rašín, Dr. Alois - Resistance fighter and Czech Republic economist. The first act of Czech law is in his handwriting. In 1923, Rašín was to become the first Czechoslovak victim of communist terror.
  • Reed, Stanley F. - US Supreme Court Justice (1938-1957)
  • Reid, Sir George - 4th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Reilly, John Good "Long John" - Professional US baseball player for Cincinnati 1880-1891.
  • Reuss, Theodor - Occultist and head of O.T.O. Grandmaster of Rite of Memphis-MisraÔm, 1913
  • Revere, Paul - American silversmith, engraver and Revolutionary hero who on April 18, 1775 made his famous ride to warn "The British are coming!" as celebrated in a poem by Longfellow. Revere was a Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
  • Rhodes, Elisha Hunt - If you saw filmmaker Ken Burns' epic production 'The Civil War', you are surely familiar with this name! Brother Rhodes diary was one of the chief sources quoted throughout and in it, he speaks of an incident at Gettysburg where he witnessed Union soldiers retrieve the body of a 'Rebel' and give it a proper burial because they had determined that he was a brother Mason. Rhodes states that he did not understand these actions but within a year he joined the fraternity while on leave in Rhode Island and in 1892-1893 was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island.
  • Richards, Michael - The talented actor most popularly known as "Kramer" from the Seinfeld television series. In November, 2006, he exploded in a racist rant that has received unfavorable publicity around the world.
  • Richardson, Elliott - Decorated soldier (Bronze Star & 2 Purple Hearts), he held many top governmental posts. As Attorney General of the United States, he resigned in what became known as the 'Saturday Night Massacre' rather than carry out President Richard Nixon's orders to fire Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox who had been investigating White House wrongdoings.
  • Richardson, Kermit - Master, The National Grange 2003
  • Richet, Charles Robert - French physician, physiologist and metaphysician, he was the co-discoverer of the medical phenomenon which he named anaphylaxis and in 1913 received the Nobel Prize for physiology.
  • Rickenbacker, Eddie - American aviator who was the most decorated combat pilot of World War I and later became president of Eastern Airlines.
  • Rickey, Branch - US baseball executive most remembered as the General Manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, he created the 'farm system' for developing players and he hired Jackie Robinson to break the 'color line' in baseball.
  • Ridgeway, General Matthew B. - US Army Chief of Staff.
  • Riley, Bishop Charles Owen Leaver - Anglican Archbishop, Grand Master of District Grand Lodge of Western Australia 1904-17, 1920-29.
  • Ringling Brothers - All 7 of these famous Circus brothers and their father were Masons.
  • Rizal, José - "The George Washington of the Philippines" who was a patriot, poet, novelist, physician, and active Mason. Today one finds monuments to Rizal nearly everywhere in the Republic of the Philippines.
  • Roberdeau, Daniel - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Robinson, "Sugar Ray" - American prizefighter and six time world champion (once as a welterweight and five times as a middleweight)
  • Rockne, Knute - Sportsman
  • Roemer, Buddy (Charles E.) - Louisiana Governor 1988-1992.
  • Rogers, Roy (Leonard Franklin Slye) - "King of the Cowboys". American singer and actor who played a singing cowboy in motion picture Westerns. Always wearing the white hat, Rogers played the hero who never killed his opponent but rather would shoot him in the hand to wound him. On his grave is proudly displayed the Cross of his faith and his 33rd Degree Masonic emblem.
  • Rogers, Will - Actor and beloved Humorist; noted for his wry, homespun commentary on society and politics.
  • Roman, Charles Lightfoot - Canadian physician, one of the first in the field of industrial medicine, served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge in Canada and apparently was the first African American to head a 'mainstream' Grand Lodge in North America (1952).
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. - Governor of New York and 32nd President of the United States, he was the only US president to be reelected four times. He brought his country out of the Great Depression, guided them through World War II and died in office. He was succeeded by another Mason, Harry S. Truman.
  • Roosevelt, Jr., Theodore - U.S. General
  • Roosevelt, Theodore - Hero of the Spanish-American War, Governor of New York, Vice President and when President (and Mason) William McKinley was assassinated, he became the 26th President of the United States. Winner of the Nobel peace prize.
  • Root, Joseph Cullen - "Giant of American Fraternalism" Responsible for the establishment of Modern Woodmen of America and other Woodmen groups.
  • Ross, Edmund G. - United States Senator who cast the one impartial vote of "Not Guilty" thus saving President (and Brother) Andrew Johnson from impeachment and preserving the American system of Constitutional government.
  • Rudolph, Donald E. Sr. - US Medal of Honor recipient - the highest award for military valor given by the United States - for heroic action during action in the Philippines during World War II. He was a member of Minnesota Chapter #25 National Sojourners until his death in May, 2006.
  • Rumford, William Byron - California legislator, Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge, Berkeley, California.
  • Rusk, John W. - Gained national prominence as "Uncle Sam", he was a regular fixture in any event involving the Nation's Capitol in his striped pants, top hat and stilts.
  • Russell, Richard B. - US Senator and member of the "Warren Commission" investigating the assassination of President Kennedy.
  • Rutledge, John - Chief Justice (1795), Associate Justice (1789-1791)
  • Rutledge, Wiley B. - Supreme Court Justice (1943-1949).

[S]

  • Salten, Felix- Creator of Bambi
  • Saltonstall, Leverett - Three term Governor of Massachusetts and US Senator for 21 years.
  • Sanders, Colonel Harland - Fried chicken magnate, his Kentucky Fried Chicken outlets are found world-wide. He perfected his Original Recipe® of 11 secret herbs and spices in 1939. When he died in 1980, his body laid in state in the Rotunda of the Kentucky State Capital.
  • Sarnoff, David - Russian-born American broadcasting executive, he started as an office worker with Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company, which was later absorbed by the Radio Corporation of America. Rising to the top ranks of RCA, he organized the National Broadcasting Company, the first permanent broadcasting network, as part of RCA.
  • Savalas, Telly - Actor who became famous as the bald police detective who was strong on the outside but gentle inside - and always had a lollypop in his mouth. His brother George was an actor also.
  • Sayers, Joseph Drayton "JD" - Methodist Layman, Adjutant General of the Confederate Army, US Congressman and Governor of Texas
  • Schadow, Johann G. - Prussian Court Sculptor
  • Schaefer, Julius Earl - Founded the company which later became Boeing's Wichita plant and oversaw production of large volumes of aircraft during World War II
  • Schalk, Ray (Raymond William) - During an 18-year career as a catcher, primarily with the Chicago White Sox, he established many league records for fielding. Nicknamed "Cracker," he was an honest member of the "Black Sox" club that conspired to lose the 1919 World Series. In 1955 he was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Schenck, Joseph - Part of the best-known two-man vaudville singing team of Van and Schenck
  • Schirra, Walter M. - Made a "Mason at Sight" by the Grand Master of Masons of Florida, he carried several Masonic items with him on his Apollo 7 flight and was the command pilot on the history-making Gemini 6 flight which made a rendezvous with the already orbiting Gemini 7 spacecraft, the first rendezvous of two manned, maneuverable spacecraft.
  • Schmidt, Milton C. "Milt" - Professional Hockey Player; awarded the national Hockey League's highest award "The Hart Trophy - Most Valuable Player" 1951.
  • Schmitt, George J. - Chicago business magnate
  • Schmuck, Elmer N. - Episcopal priest, he served as Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Wyoming from 1929 until his death in 1936.
  • Schoonover, George - Founder of "The Builder".
  • Schumer, Charles E. - U.S. Congressman from Brooklyn, NY
  • Schweizer, J. Otto - Sculptor
  • Sciubba, Elvio - Chief Controller, Italian Treasury Department.
  • Scott, Sir Walter - Novelist and poet, his journal is an important record of the times in which he lived.
  • Seaton, Scott - American film actor. Seen in 'Joan of Arc' (1948) and Donovan's Reef (1963)
  • Sellers, Peter - English actor and comedian, his popularity was unrivalled as the incompetent Inspector Clouseau in a series of films that began with The Pink Panther (1963) and extended beyond his death to The Trail of the Pink Panther (1982). He received an Oscar nomination for 'Being There' (1980).
  • Service, Robert W. - Canadian poet among whose works are "The Cremation of Sam McGee"
  • Sexson, William Mark - Ordained Minister and, in 1922, founded the Order of Rainbow for Girls
  • Sheffield, James E. - First Black Circuit Court Judge appointed in the City of Richmond, Virginia
  • Shirra, Walter - Astronaut
  • Sibelius, Jean - Finnish composer whose symphonic poems reflect a romantic and intensely nationalistic approach to music. One of his most famous pieces is the tone poem, Finlandia (1899). Brother Sibelius composed a whole ritual music covering all degree work in Craft Lodges (Opus 113, Musique Religieuse) and is the only complete ritual music for organs and vocalist.
  • Simcoe, John Graves - Hero of the Revolutionary War, Founder of Ontario and Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, Canadians annually celebrate Simcoe Day in August.
  • Simmons, Robert - U. S. House of Representatives 2000. Formerly Connecticut State Representative.
  • Simpson, Russell - Prolific American film actor, he had a long career spanning from 1914 to 1959. 'Beloved by all who knew him'.
  • Sitter, Carl L. - U. S. Congressional Medal of Honor winner, he was a Marine Corps Company Commander at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir at Hagaru-ri during the Korean War. At the time of his death, he was attending Virginia Theological Seminary and Presbyterian School of Education and was scheduled to receive his Master of Divinity Degree a month later.
  • Skelton, Richard Bernard "Red" - Entertainer, Comedian, Clown, Artist, Mason "Good Night and God Bless" Brother Red will be remembered countless decades hence for his hilarious family comedy. When others used obscenities to get a 'cheap laugh', he kept high standards and refused to follow. He was always 'the clown' - including with the Shrine as well as an accomplished artist and painter. His clown paintings are exceptional pieces of art which command high prices.
  • Smith, John Stafford - Composer, and musical scholar, born in England. He wrote vocal music, and the tune of "The Star-spangled Banner', the US National Anthem.
  • Smith, Joseph - Founder of the Mormon Church.
  • Smith, Jonathan Bayard - Signer of the Articles of Confederation
  • Soboleff, Walter A., Rev. - Tlinglit American Indian, Presbyterian Minister, spiritual, business and community leader in Juneau, Alaska
  • Sousa, John Philip - U.S. Marine Band leader from 1880 - 1892, he wrote numerous marches including the US's 'national march', "The Stars and Stripes Forever".
  • Spanos, Alex G. - Owner of the San Diego Chargers professional football team and founder of 10 companies that bear his name, Bro. Spanos is one of the US's greatest businessmen.
  • Spruill, Lionell - Presently a Member of the Virginia House of Delegates. Served as Grand Master for the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Virginia 1994-1996.
  • Stafford, Robert T. - United States Senator from Vermont, he never lost an election in a career that spanned 41 years and touched every rung in the political ladder in Vermont, a feat not matched since. His contribution to education while in the Senate resulted in the Stafford Loan program which bears his name.
  • Stafford, Thomas - Astronaut
  • Stanford, (Amasa) Leland - Railroad builder and government official; he became governor of California (1861--63) and a founder and president of the Central Pacific Railroad (1863--93). He made a fortune, and, with his wife, founded and endowed Leland Stanford, Jr., University (1885) in memory of their only son (who died in 1884 at age 15). He drove the gold spike linking the US continent's railroad lines.
  • Stanley, Sir Frederick Arthur - A keen sportsman, he originated the Stanley Cup to encourage winter sports in Canada. Today, it is the most important award in professional hockey given to the team winning the National Hockey League championship.
  • Stanton, Edwin M. - Abraham Lincoln's Secretary of War (Member of Steubenville Lodge #45)
  • Stassen, Harold E. - Governor of Minnesota (the youngest governor ever elected at the time), he held many positions in government including service in Eisenhower's cabinet.
  • Stennis, John - United States Senator from Mississippi from 1947 to 1988. He was replaced in this office by another Mason, Trent Lott.
  • Stephens, William D. - Mayor of Los Angeles, Congressman and Governor of California 1917-1927.
  • Stewart, Potter - Supreme Court Associate Justice (1959-1981)
  • Still, Andrew T. - American physician who devised treatment of Osteopathy.
  • Stillwell, Joseph - U.S. General
  • Stimson, Mark - Self-taught real estate agent, he created the largest network of real estate companies in the state of Maine.
  • Stockton, Richard - Signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Stone, Arthur - American motion picture actor of the 1920s, 30s, and 40s.
  • Story, Joseph - Associate Justice (1811-1845)
  • Stotz, Carl E. - One of the three founder of Little League Baseball, it has has grown into the world's largest organized youth program.
  • Stout, Herald - Rear Admiral & World War II hero, in 1993 a guided missile destroyer was named in his honor (USS Stout - DDG-55).
  • Stratton, Charles - 'General Tom Thumb' - American entertainer and circus performer, he reached 3 feet 4 inches in height at maturity.
  • Stukeley, William - Archaeologist and Antiquarian
  • Stutz, Harry C. - President, Stutz Motor Car Company.
  • de Sucre, Antonio Jose y Alcala - Served as a General under Brother Simon Bolivar in Peru, he became the secpmd President of Bolivia in 1825 and was named President for life. He resigned three years later and while traveling to Ecuador to be installed President of that country, was assassinated. Well known for his efforts in the liberation of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
  • Sullivan, Sir Arthur - Entertainer; The latter half of 'Gilbert and Sullivan'.
  • Sumarkov, Alexandr Petrovich - Russian dramatist and poet. Though largely based on contemporary French models, his plays mark the emergence of Russian theater.
  • Summerall, Charles P. - U.S. General
  • Swayne, Noah H. - Supreme Court Justice
  • Swift, Johathan - Clergyman and satirist, he wrote Gulliver's Travels
  • Switzer, Carl "Alfalfa" - Child actor star of the "Little Rascals" series
  • Symington, Stuart - First Secretary of the U.S. Air Force, he was approved for nomination for high office by the Senate six times without a dissenting vote. He later served as Senator from Missouri.

[T]

  • Taft, Alphonso - U.S. Attorney General and Secretary of War.
  • Taft, William Howard - Civil governor of the Philippines, Secretary of War, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court and twenty-seventh President of the U.S.
  • Tea, Richard - Civil War hero and Medal of Honor winner. So conspicuous was his record as a soldier during that War that he was accorded the distinction by Congress of being permitted to enter either the Senate Chambers or the floor of the House and enjoy any privilege of either. He was a long time member and Past Master of Aztlan Lodge #4, Prescott, Arizona.
  • Teets, John W. - Chairman and President of Dial Corporation
  • Temple, Lewis - Noted Black Abolitionist whose basement served as a way station on the 'Underground Railroad'.
  • Thayer, Sylvanus - Father of the U. S. Military Academy - West Point
  • Thomas, Danny - Entertainer / Founder of St. Jude's Children's Hospital. Mr. Thomas often told the story of how physicians at his hospital explained to him the need for a very unique therapy for a patient at St. Jude's which was only available at a Shrine Hospital. Mr. Thomas told the doctors to proceed with the treatment, regardless of the cost. When he was advised that there would be no cost, Mr. Thomas was shocked and vowed to find out more about this organization. Shortly thereafter, he petitioned and became a Mason. Prior to his death, he was featured in videos and wrote articles praising the good works of Freemasonry.
  • Thomas, Dave - Founder of the very popular Wendy's Restaurants, publicly he was the grandfatherly star of commercials. Both privately and publicly, however, he did extensive work promoting the cause of orphans, something he had been in his own youth. The hamburgers at Wendy's are square as a reminder of Dave's motto: "Never cut corners." Dave was active in the Scottish Rite Philanthropies including their Children's Hospital program. His mentor in the restaurant business was another Mason, Col. Harland Sanders of Kentucky Fried Chicken fame.
  • Thomas, George Henry - US Civil War Major General, he was known as "the Rock of Chickamauga" but has been given short shrift by history. He was profiled in the March, 2007 issue of the Smithsonian's Magazine.
  • Thomas, Isaiah - Firebrand of the American Revolution and founder of the American Antiquarian Society, he served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
  • Thomas, Lowell - American radio commentator during both World Wars and broadcast a nightly news program for over 45 years (1930-1976). He wrote and lectured widely on his travel adventures and brought Lawrence of Arabia to public notice.
  • Thorvaldsen, Bertel - Noted Danish sculptor
  • Thurmond, J. M. - Mayor of Dallas, Texas 1879-1880.
  • Thurmond, Strom - The longest-serving United States Senator
  • Thurston, Howard - Top magician in the U.S. from 1908 until his death in 1936
  • Tillis, Mel (Lonnie Melvin) - Country and Western performer of renown. Coins tossed into the fountain of the Mel Tillis Theatre in Branson, Missouri are divided equally between the Scottish Rite's Childhood Language Disorders Program and the Shrine's Hospitals. Bro. Tillis is also an aspiring painter and has created a wonderful piece with a Masonic theme.
  • Todd, Thomas - Supreme Court Justice (1807-1826)
  • Tompkins, Daniel D. - Vice President of the United States, his bust is in the Senate wing of the U.S. Capitol.
  • Trachtenberg, Stephen J. - President, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
  • Travis, Colonel William B. - American military leader who commanded the Texans who died in defense of the Alamo.
  • Trimble, Robert - Supreme Court Justice
  • Truett, George W. - Pastor of the First Baptist Church, Dallas (1897-1944); President of the Southern Baptist Convention; President of the Baptist World Alliance.
  • Truman, Harry S. - A U. S. Senator from Missouri (1935-45), his personal integrity helped him get reelected in 1940 despite the exposure of the Missouri machine's corruption. He came to national attention heading what was called the Truman Committee, which investigated government wartime production and saved taxpayers millions of dollars. He became vice-president in 1944. Truman became the thirty-third President of the United States with the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, another Mason; he would go on to win a close election in 1948. He served as Grand Master of Masons - the highest position in Freemasonry - in Missouri 1940-1941. When he visited lodges all over the country, he preferred to be introduced as a Past Grand Master rather than as President.

[U]

  • None that we know of. Know any "U" famous Freemasons? Let us know!

[V]

  • Van Hollen, J. B. - Attorney General of Wisconsin & Grand Master of Masons in Wisconsin (2007)
  • Vinson, Frederick M. - American Jurist who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1946-1953.
  • Vivekananda, Swami - Religious Leader
  • Voltaire - François-Marie Arouet - French Enlightenment essayist and philosopher.

[W]

  • Wadlow, Robert Pershing - Tallest human on record being almost 9 feet tall, Wadlow was proud of his early acceptance by DeMolay and from his activities there, determined to be a Mason also. Looked at by many as a 'freak', DeMolay and Masonry helped Wadlow maintain a sense of normalcy for which he and his parents were extremely grateful. The US's Public Broadcasting System has produced a documentary which places great emphasis on Brother Wadlow's Masonic affiliations and includes many pictures of him as a DeMolay officer.
  • Wagner, John Honus - "The Flying Dutchman", he is considered the greatest shortstop in the history of baseball.
  • Wagner, Sidney - Hollywood cinematographer. 'The Postman Always Rings Twice' (1946) was among the many films he photographed.
  • Wagner, Richard - Composer
  • Wainwright, Jonathan M. - US Army General and the hero of Battan.
  • Walker, Charlie - Country music singer and legendary member of the Grand Ole Opry
  • Walker, William - LtCol, Confederate Army he was the first Master of Eastern Star Lodge in Louisiana and served as a District Deputy Grand Master. Killed in 1864.
  • Walkes, Jr., Joseph A. - Author of numerous publications particularly involving Prince Hall Freemasonry and founder of the Phylaxis (Prince Hall Masonic research) Society.
  • Wallace, Governor George C. - Alabama governor and US Presidential Candidate who was nearly assassinated and spent his remaining years in a wheel chair and in constant pain.
  • Wallace, Henry A. - Vice President of the United States, 1941-1945. Author of many books on both agriculture and politics including 'Statesmanship & Religion' and 'Whose Constitution'.
  • Wallace, Lewis (Lew) - American military leader and writer. During the American Civil War, he served in the Union army and reached the rank of Major General. At the close of the War, he was a member of the court that tried those accused of conspiring to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln. His novel, "Ben Hur: A Tale of the Christ" won him a nationwide reputation.
  • Walton, George - Signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Wanamaker, John - A statue of this Mason stands outside of Philadelphia's City Hall. His expertise in business led to his appointment as Postmaster General and he established rural free delivery and parcel post. The University of Pennsylvania conferred upon him a Doctor of Laws degree shortly after the end of World War One. Their citation referred to Brother Wanamaker as: "Philanthropist, statesman, eminent in the councils of the nation, Christian Leader, and constructive genius who on the basis of the Golden Rule, by thought and practice has revolutionized the business methods of merchants of the world."
  • Ward, Rev. John - First of the Episcopalian faith to enter Missouri and organize his people.
  • Warner, Glen Scobey "Pop" - Famous football coach, credited with originating the single and double wingback formations.
  • Warner, Jack - One of the brothers who created the American motion-picture production company known as Warner Brothers. They were the first to use sequences of sound in a silent feature film.
  • Warren, Earl - Succeeding another Mason (Frederick Vinson), Warren served as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court from 1953 to 1974 and led in sweeping changes in civil rights and criminal law.
  • Warren, Joseph, M.D. - Noted physician and American Revolutionary War General. Led the troops in the 'Battle of Bunker Hill' where he was killed. At the time of his death, he was serving as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Masons in Massachusetts.
  • Warren, Sir Charles - Archaeologist. Surveyor of Herod's Temple
  • Washington, Booker T. - Educator and author.
  • Washington, George - As General of the Armies of the colonies, he led the revolution which created American independence. As the first President of the United States, his leadership was crucial to establishing the 'tone' for the United States. His love of Freemasonry is documented by his close reliance upon other Masons in the execution of his duties. Following his death, his widow sent locks of his hair (a common practice of the time) to Masons throughout the country and such revered treasures were the object of great appreciation. To this day, a lock of his hair sent to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts is carried in a golden urn preceding the entry of the Grand Master at the Annual Meeting of the Grand Lodge.
  • Watson, Thomas J. - American inventor and businessman who was President and Chairman of International Business Machines (IBM) from 1914-1956.
  • Wayne, John - "The Duke" - One of the most popular actors of recent years. His 'manly' roles helped define a generation.
  • Webb, James E. - NASA Administrator.
  • Webb, Matthew - First man to swim the English Channel (1875).
  • Webb, Wellington - Mayor of Denver, Colorado.
  • Weitz, Paul - Astronaut
  • Wentworth, Benning - Colonial Governor of New Hampshire; Portsmouth NH merchant; gave 500 acres of land to Dartmouth College; Bennington, Vermont is named in his honor.
  • Wentworth, William Charles - Well known for his exploration expeditions into the interior of New South Wales, he was also the editor of the first newspaper in Australia.
  • Wesberry, James P. - Pastor of the Morningside Baptist Church of Atlanta, Georgia for 31 years; Recording Secretary of the Georgia Baptist Convention for 20 years. Died in 1992.
  • Wescott, Joseph H. - Former Deputy Commissioner, Pennsylvania State Police (retired 2000).
  • Whipple, William - Signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • White, William - President of Baylor University 1948-1961; Executive Secretary and later President of the Baptist General Convention of Texas.
  • Whiteman, Paul - American conductor who introduced symphonic jazz to a general audience and became known affectionately as the "King of Jazz". He commissioned Gershwin's 'Rhapsody in Blue'.
  • Wilder, Charles P. ("Pa") - Father of Laura Ingalls who immortalized him and her family in her books. Like "Pa", "Ma Ingalls" and sister Carrie were members of the Eastern Star as was daughter Laura.
  • Wilder, Lawrence Douglass - First elected Black Governor in the US from the State of Virginia.
  • William I - King of Prussia
  • William II - King of the Netherlands
  • William IV - King of England
  • Williams, Egbert "Bert" - Actor and comedian. Half of the comedy duo Williams & Walker. Formed the Lafayette Players in New York City as a theatre company that presented works by, for and about black people through a special arrangement with Brother Florenz Zigfeld.
  • Williams, Jonathan - Colonel, United States Army; he was the first Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.
  • Wilson, Robert - Member of the Texas Republic Senate during the 1830s and twice candidate for President of the Republic of Texas.
  • Wing, Leonard F. - U.S. General
  • Wood, Grant - American painter famous stylized realism and "American Gothic"
  • Woodbury, Levi - Governor of New Hampshire, US Senator, Secretary of the Navy, Secretary of the Treasury and Supreme Court Justice. Woodbury County Iowa is named for him.
  • Woods, William B. - American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from 1880-1887.
  • Woodward, Carl R. - President of Rhode Island State College when it became the University of Rhode Island in 1951.
  • Wootton, Percy, M.D. - President, American Medical Association (1997)
  • Wyler, William - American motion-picture director, known for his many meticulously crafted, award-winning films. In 1936 he was signed by American producer Samuel Goldwyn, beginning a ten-year collaboration that created pictures including Dead End (1937), Jezebel (1938), Wuthering Heights (1939), The Little Foxes (1941), Mrs. Miniver (1942), and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). The latter two films won Wyler his first two Academy Awards for best director, also earning the awards for best picture.
  • Wynn, Ed - Movie actor and comedian, he introduced "Carmel Comedy Caravan".

[X]

  • None that we know of. Know any "X" famous Freemasons? Let us know!

[Y]

  • Young, Andrew - Former United Nation's Ambassador and Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia
  • Young, Brigham - Led the pioneers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormons) to Utah.
  • Young, Cy - American baseball player, he pitched for 22 seasons and was, perhaps, the greatest pitcher in the history of the sport. He pitched the first 'perfect game' in modern baseball.

[Z]

  • Zanuck, Darryl F. - Co-founder of 20th Century Productions in 1933, his movie productions made him a legend. The memorial by his family notes his Masonic affiliation above all other accomplishments!
  • Zigfeld, Florenz - His Ziegfeld's Follies began in 1907.

Did you know that? Masonry in Early America

Did you know that?
Masonry in early America

MASONRY IN EARLY AMERICA DID YOU KNOW THAT:

The first assembly of the Continental Congress was presided over by a Master Mason, Peyton Randolph, Provincial Grand Master of Virginia.

The Revolutionary War was a distinctly Masonic enterprise.

The Boston Tea Party was organized in St. Andrews Lodge, at an adjourned meeting, and that every "Indian" who threw the tea into the harbor was a member of that Lodge.

Paul Revere, made his immortal ride, when he was the Junior Warden of that Lodge.

More than fifty of the fifty-six signers of the Declaration of Independence were members of the Masonic fraternity.

All but one of the five members of the Constitutional Convention were Masons.

Richard Henry Lee, who moved the Resolution of Independence in the Continental Congress, was a Mason.

Lee, and all five members of that committee -- Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. Livingston -- were Masons.

The American Flag was made by the widow of John Ross, a Mason, and was placed in the hands of George Washington, who was elected Grand Master of Virginia, but did not accept because of his duties as commander-in-Chief of the American Army, which absorbed all his attention and time.

Washington took the oath of office as President of the United States upon a Bible brought from St. Johns Lodge No. 1, of New York.

The oath of office was administered by Chancellor Livingston, Grand Master of the state of New York.

The Governors of every one of the original thirteen states at the time Washington was inaugurated were Masons.

Washington demanded that Lafayette coming from France, and Von Stuben coming from Germany, be made Masons.

All of Washington's Brigadier Generals except one were Masons.

The Constitution of the United States was written by Masons.

Free Speech, Free Religion, and Free Schools were the gifts of Masonry America, and these were opposed by all anti-Masonic institutions.

The four Major Generals who almost ruined Washington and the cause of Freedom were the four who were not Masons.

These are historical facts and are a part of the rich heritage of our nation. HOWEVER, no part of the above facts are now taught in our free schools, which were made possible by the foresight of our Masonic forebears.

Basic education for candidates

:: Courtesy of CA Grand Lodge ::

In addition to the memorized proficiency, each candidate is expected to read an education booklet designed specifically for the degree, which he has most recently completed. To demonstrate his understanding of the material, he is asked to answer several questions about the material.


Entered Apprentice Degree (PDF - 184KB)

Entered Apprentice Proficiency

Fellow Craft Degree (PDF - 134KB)

Fellow Craft Proficiency

Master Mason Degree (PDF - 167KB)

Master Mason Proficiency

What is Freemasonry?

** Courtesy of Reno Lodge 13 **

 

Freemasonry (or simply, Masonry) is a fraternal order whose basic tenets are brotherly love, relief (philanthropy), and truth. We strive to enjoy the company of our brother Masons, assist them in times of personal trouble, and reinforce essential moral values. There is an old adage that Masonry "takes good men and makes them better", which is our goal. It has often been observed that men are the products of everything they come into contact with during their lifetime. Masonry offers a man an opportunity to come into regular, enjoyable contact with men of good character, thus reinforcing his own personal moral development.

Of course, Masonry is also meant to be enjoyed by its membership, so the order should not be viewed simply as a philosophical club, but rather a vibrant fellowship of men who seek to enjoy each other's company, a fraternity. To maintain this fraternity, discussion of religion and politics within the Lodge is forbidden, as these subjects are those that have often divided men in the past. Masons cover the spectrum of both religious and political beliefs and encourages a man to be religious without advocating a particular religion, and to be active in his community without advocating a particular medium of political expression. While there probably are some actual stone-workers who are Masons, Masonry does not teach is membership the literal techniques of stonework. Rather, it takes the actual "operative" work of Medieval Masons and uses it as an allegory for moral development.

Thus, the symbols of Masonry are the common tools that were used by medieval stonemasons: the gavel, the rule, the compass, the square, the level, etc. Each of these has a symbolic meaning in Masonry. For example, Masons are said to meet "on the level", meaning that all Masons are brothers, regardless of social status, personal wealth, or office within the Lodge or in the world at large.

Similar symbolism exists for other tools. Masonry is distinguished from other fraternal orders by its emphasis on moral character, its ornate rituals, and its long tradition and history, which dates back to at least the 17th century in modern form, the 14th century (c. 1350-1390) in the written evidence of its precursors, and back to the mists of antiquity in its origin. Masonry has a continuously documented paper history (i.e., Lodge to Lodge) since 1717, though historical analysis shows Masonry to be much older.

There are also a great many things that Masonry is NOT: a religion, a secret society, etc., and these will be covered later in this FAQ. There are three degrees in Masonry. Other appendant bodies confer additional degrees, up to the 32nd (or the honorary 33rd) of the Scottish Rite, but in symbolic Masonry (or Blue Lodge Masonry) proper, there are only three. At the Blue Lodge, Masons receive the degrees of Entered Apprentice (first degree), Fellowcraft (second degree), and Master Mason (third degree). Promotion generally requires the mastery of a small body of memorized material, the contents of which varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. In some jurisdictions, only the signs, tokens, and grips of each degree must be learned; in others, a longer amount of material. Of course, no Mason would ever look down upon a Brother simply because he was of a lower degree-- the degrees do not exist to create a pecking order or to confer rank. Rather, they are a system of initiation that allows men to become familiar with the august and ancient history and principles of Masonry at a comfortable pace. Proceeding from Entered Apprentice to Master Mason in the US can take as little as three months, while in England, the degrees are spaced apart by a year's interval. Most Lodges have regular communications (meetings) once a month, that are also referred to as "business meetings". In the US, these are typically only open to Master Masons. In England, these meetings are usually opened in the first degree, and EAs may attend).

Conferring of degrees is usually done at other meetings during the month. While conferral of degrees and mundane business do take up a lot of a Lodge's time, there are a host of other activities that Masons engage in within the fraternity. Charitable work is often done, in the form of fundraisers, community volunteer work, etc. And there are also a great many things done for the simple pleasure of company: monthly breakfasts or dinners, picnics, card/chess matches, lecturers on Masonic history, you name it. Masonry is a fraternity, and its membership seeks to have fun.

Local Masonic Lodges are organized under Grand Lodges. In the United States, each state has its own Grand Lodge, which is a peer with every other Grand Lodge. There is not "Grandest Lodge"-- each Grand Lodge is supreme in its jurisdiction (e.g., in the US, in its state) but has no authority elsewhere. Of course, this does not mean that Masonry in New York is radically different than Masonry in Scotland or New Mexico. Masons are very traditional and the differences between Grand Lodges are usually minor. The head of a Lodge is given the title Worshipful Master. This, of course, does not imply that Masons worship him; it is merely a stylish title. Masonic Lodges can be found in many cities, of all sizes, around the world. There are presently approximately 5 million Masons, half of which are in the United States.